Gothenburg, the second largest city in Sweden with nearly 500,000 inhabitants, is situated on the west coast. The city is roughly equidistant from the Scandinavian capitals Stockholm, Copenhagen and Oslo, and is at the very centre of northern Europe.
The city was founded in 1621 on a Dutch model by the warrior king Gustavus Adolphus whose aim was to open up a window to the rest of the world. Today the city has developed into a centre for cultural events in the heart of Scandinavia. Gothenburg is characterised by its proximity to the sea. The many islands in the archipelago are popular summer holiday destinations. The presence of water has also influenced University of Gothenburg, which has a strong marine profile.